SERBIAN ARMED FORCES

Operational Capabilities Concept

The modern approach to security and defence changes the traditional role of the military which, in addition to its primary purpose to be capable of performing a wide range of combat operations, should develop capabilities to deploy in multinational operations.

stit-2-evaluacija.jpg
The main role of the militaries of a number of countries at the beginning of the 21st century, is the participation in multinational prevention operations and crisis management operations or post-conflict processes of building peace and stability, which can occur at national and international levels.

Partnership for Peace program (PfP) is entirely focused on practical aspects of cooperation, where the partner countries opt for activities in accordance with their own priorities. The cooperation within the Partnership for Peace program is conducted at a level and pace determined independently by each partner nation. Forms and the importance of cooperation are divided into four levels, and the Operational Capabilities Concept belongs to the ‘higher level’.

The Partnership Goals for the Republic of Serbia are determined on the basis of the Ministerial Instruction, and in accordance with the Presentation Document, which the Republic of Serbia submitted to NATO in 2008. The focus of the Partnership Goals is directed towards building interoperability, operational capabilities for NATO-led operations of the Partnership for Peace, and the skills required for response to the risks caused by the spread of weapons of mass destruction and for defence against terrorism.

The interoperability and operational capabilities of the declared units from the Serbian Armed Forces is reached through the implementation of the Partnership Goals:

  • ‘Evaluation and Certification of Capabilities’,
  • ‘Combat Unit Contribution’ and
  • ‘Combat Support Contribution.’
The Operational Capabilities Concept – Evaluation & Feedback (hereinafter: Operational Capabilities Concept) is a program or tool used to build, attain and verify the interoperability and operational capability of the declared units to participate in NATO-led crisis response operations (CRO) and other operations. The decision to start the development of the Operational Capabilities Concept-Evaluation and Feedback (OCC E&F) was made at the NATO Summit in Washington in 1999.

The Operational Capabilities Concept is open to the member states of NATO, Partnership for Peace (PfP), Mediterranean Dialogue (MD), Istanbul Cooperation Initiative (ICI) and other partners troughout zhe world (PagG). 

Operation Capabilities Concept

The legal accession to NATO Operational Capabilities Concept is based on independent and free will and indicated ambitions of the partner countries, the basic requirement being the declaration of one or more units to the Pool of Forces of the Operational Capabilities Concept.

So far, the 15 member nations of the Partnership for Peace that adopted the Operational Capabilities Concept have declared a total of 90 units with about 13.000 troops.

The Operational Capability Concept is divided in two levels that the declared units undergo for a period of about four years to obtain a certificate of combat readiness as follows:

  • Level 1 – Self-Evaluation (SEL-1) and NATO Evaluation (NEL-2), on Interoperability, and
  • Level 2 – Self-Evaluation (SEL-2) and NATO Evaluation (NEL-2), on Combat Readiness
The interoperability, which includes training, education, organization, structure and equipment of the units declared to NATO Task List 3.0 (NTL 3.0), is tested and evaluated at the first level. The abovementioned list includes an overview of the military tasks performed in accordance with prescribed procedures and NATO standards (STANAGs), Allied Publications (APs) and Directives (Bi-SC).

The combat readiness is tested and evaluated at the second level, in accordance with NATO and the Allied Command Operations standards for evaluation of ground forces (CREVAL). After that, the unit is certified for deployment in operations and performance of the declared missions and tasks. The validity of the certificate for participation in operations is 3 years, after which the unit is subject to NATO evaluation (NEL-2).

During 2009 and 2015, in order to achieve interoperability with the armed forces of partner countries, on the basis of the adopted PARP assessment, the Serbian Armed Forces declared the following units for the Operational Capability Concept Pool of Forces to be deployed in multinational operations: 

  • one motorized infantry company,
  • a military police platoon,
  • a platoon of Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Defense (CBRN) and
  • a general purpose engineer company.
The advantages of the Serbian Armed Forces joining the Operational Capabilities Concept are characterized by the benefits for the Serbian Armed Forces, and consequently the Republic of Serbia, the most important being:

  • The concept is an organized basis and platform for expansion, revision and adjustment of national doctrines, tactics, guidelines and rules for units preparing to be deployed in the operations of the European Union, United Nations and NATO-led multinational operations,
  • Practical mechanism for building, maintaining and certification of interoperability and operational capabilities of the units declared for multinational operations in accordance with NATO standards, recognized by the European Union and the United Nations,
  • Enabled access to NATO publications, standards, procedures and Lessons Learned from contemporary multinational operations,
  • Opportunities for placement of national staff officers and NCOs in NATO commands,
  • Participation of declared units in bilateral, multilateral, NATO and partner exercises,
  • Participation of officers and NCOs in OCC Evaluator courses in partner countries and NATO schools,
  • Broad basis for improving partnership and cooperation with PfP and NATO OCC countries.

Taking the definition of the operational capabilities as the starting point, namely that they represent the capacity of the Serbian Armed Forces or its parts to achieve the desired operational effects under certain standards in designated time through a combination of forces, assets and modes of task performance, it can be concluded that it is possible to utilize the Operational Capabilities Concept as a practical tool for attaining an optimal organizational structure, equipment, command and training of the declared units as well as for developing the operational capabilities and interoperability of the Serbian Armed Forces declared units to participate in building and maintaining peace in the region and in the world.